We’re following post-Knox litigation challenging the constitutionality of agency shop agreements in the public sector.  In Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association, plaintiffs are seeking to enjoin enforcement of the provision of the California Educational Employment Relations Act that authorizes agency shops.  The state of California has now moved to intervene for the purpose of defending the constitutionality of the statute.  A hearing on the motion has been set for November 8th, before Judge Josephine Staton Tucker.