Today’s News & Commentary — August 31, 2016
The labor community continues to speculate about the consequences of the monumental NLRB decision last week that held graduate students to be statutory employees. Writing for the Huffington Post, law Professor Joseph P. Mastrosimone suggests that there will be three unintended consequences of the decision. First, he contends that university honor codes that require such behaviors as “harmonious relationships” and “mutual respect” of all groups on campus could be struck down if they are seen as interfering with students’ rights to organize or deterring organizing behavior. Second, graduate student councils may not be able to continue in their present form, because, by participating, schools could violate the NLRA prohibition on “dominating” a labor organization. Third, Mastrosimone avers that professors’ academic relationships with students will change now that students could allege poor grades to be a form of retaliation for their participation in union or other organizing activity.
Chris Christie vetoed a bill on Tuesday that would have raised New Jersey’s minimum wage to $15 over the next five years. Christie called the proposed measure a “really radical increase” that would “make doing business in New Jersey unaffordable.” However, just across the river in New York City, most companies will be required to pay a minimum wage of $15 by 2018. Joseph Vitale, a Democratic New Jersey state senator and sponsor of the bill, called New Jersey’s current minimum wage of $8.38 a “poverty wage” that is “impossible to get by on.”
On the other side of the country, California Gov. Jerry Brown is poised to consider a farmworker overtime expansion bill after it cleared the California Assembly this week. Under the bill, California farmworkers, who are currently entitled to minimal overtime pay in limited circumstances, would receive overtime consistent with other industries. The benefits would include time-and-a-half for working more than 8 hours per day or 40 hours per week and double pay for working more than 12 hours per day. The measure would be implemented over four years. Business groups have called the measure a “short-sighted policy” that would put California farms at a “competitive disadvantage internationally.”
And, in international news, women in Afghanistan are organizing small village farm unions that are upending gender norms and making food sources more reliable in a region where sustenance is in short-supply.