Today’s News & Commentary — February 22, 2017
The influx of refugees into upstate New York has helped revitalize previously-suffering communities. As the New York Times reports, “[t]he impact has been both low-budget and high-tech”: refugees have provided local businesses with inexpensive, willing labor; foreign-born students have enrolled — paying tuition and fees — at upstate schools; and street-level entrepreneurs have opened new shops. Somewhat ironically, the cities’ struggles made them popular locations to settle refugees. Because people left, housing prices dropped, and refugees came in and were willing “to put in the sweat equity that a lot of people weren’t anymore.” That, in turn, “put properties back on the tax rolls.”
The Wall Street Journal also weighs in on the benefits that refugees bring to the economy. In addition to providing a key source of labor, many refugees “bring a resilience and level of expertise that makes them well-suited for learning on the job.” According to a study from the Migration Policy Institute, roughly 28% of the refugees over the age of 25 who settle in the U.S. arrive with at least a bachelor’s degree. The Wall Street Journal notes that skills from abroad may not always translate, and some employers have found that refugees need help with translation services, resume writing, American-style management techniques, and tips for navigating their new lives. Despite potential training challenges, however, refugees can provide companies with “a strong competitive advantage,” enabling them to better understand, for example, the needs of clients in key markets across Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
Chief Judge Patricia Elaine Campbell-Smith of the U.S. Court of Federal Claims recently held that the government had violated the FLSA by failing to examine whether it was required to pay employees who continued to work during the partial government shutdown in 2013. That those workers were later paid for their time was irrelevant. The Washington Post explains that the decision entitles workers to minimum wage pay for the hours they worked between October 1 and October 5, 2013. Judge Campbell-Smith ordered the government and the plaintiffs to calculate amounts due and report back by April 7.
The New York Times editorial board posits that blaming robots for job loss, “while not as dangerous as protectionism and xenophobia, is also a distraction from real problems and real solutions.” The Times points out that if automation were rapidly accelerating, labor productivity and capital investment would be increasing as well. But the data shows the opposite: in the 2000s, labor productivity and capital investment decelerated. The problem lies instead with “politicians, who have failed for decades to support policies that let workers share the wealth from technology-led growth.”