Last month, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission adopted a Strategic Enforcement Plan for 2017-2021 to “set forth its continued commitment to focus efforts on those activities likely to have strategic impact in advancing equal opportunity and freedom from discrimination in the workplace” – and indicated that the gig economy will be a priority for the agency going forward.
Notably, the EEOC recognized that employment discrimination ensuring from the rise of the gig economy is a major issue. Categorizing the gig economy as an “Emerging and Developing Issues priority,” the Plan states the EEOC will “address issues related to complex employment relationships and structures in the 21st century workplace, focusing specifically on temporary workers, staffing agencies, independent contractor relationships, and the on-demand economy.” The EEOC specifically stated that it will prioritize “clarifying the employment relationship and the application of workplace civil rights protections in light of the increasing complexity of employment relationships and structures, including temporary workers, staffing agencies, independent contractor relationships, and the on-demand economy.”
Professor Sachs and Professor Noah Zatz have both addressed how the gig economy can give rise to discrimination against workers on the basis of race, sex, religion or national origin, and recently an Uber driver filed a complaint with the EEOC alleging Uber ratings are racially discriminatory. While Title VII only applies to discrimination against employees, and not independent contractors, the EEOC’s demonstrated commitment to addressing the gig economy indicates it may become an ally of workers seeking rightful classification as employees.